Each year the Polish Ministry of Justice and the Public Prosecutor General, as well as telecommunication and software companies, publish information concerning surveillance in Poland in the previous year. It is worth taking a closer look at statistics on obtaining user data, and wiretapping, to evaluate and illustrate forms, scale and trends of surveillance. As always with the clandestine activities carried out by the security apparatus, the information is scarce and often vague, and each incomplete answer is usually followed by a series of further questions and doubts.Read More o A. Nyzio - Surveillance in Poland A.D. 2022
The decarbonization of the energy sector according to the Polish Energy Policy until 2040 will be implemented on the basis of several pillars. Renewable energy sources are of key importance, but also fossil fuels i.e., natural gas in the medium term. Moreover, the coal phase-out will be stabilized by nuclear energy. For this reason, there are a number of doubts as to the need to launch the hitherto nonexistent energy sector. It should be noted that although Poland has experience in this context, none of the projects have been implemented so far. The war in Ukraine and the need for energy transformation have spurred the activities of the Polish authorities in the field of energy. What is the current situation regarding the development of nuclear energy in Poland compared to neighboring countries? Will the new beginning for this sector be effective?Read More o W. Hebda - The nuclear energy sector in Poland: A new beginning?
O. Manachynskyi - The use of OSINT for verifying violations of international humanitarian law during the war in Ukraine
The International Criminal Court (ICC) issued an arrest warrant for the Russian President, Vladimir Putin, and for Maria Lvova-Belova, Children's Rights Commissioner, on suspicion of war crimes, in particular the forced deportation of Ukrainian children to Russia. Open-source intelligence (OSINT) plays a key role in the ICC's investigations into war crimes in Ukraine. OSINT methods are used to find and verify information on the system of relocation and re-education of Ukrainian children in Russia. Social media platforms, press releases, reports from human rights organizations and public mapping services are used, among others, for this purpose.Read More o O. Manachynskyi - The use of OSINT for verifying violations of international humanitarian law during the war in Ukraine
J. Grabowska - The organization and its participants as factors shaping the organizational culture of Polish secret services
This analysis is the second part of a study on the organizational culture of the Polish secret services published in the series "KBN Analyses". According to the classification adopted by the author, this culture is shaped in its simplest form by three elements: environment, organization and participants. Having discussed the first one, it is time for taking up the other two elements. Participants and the structure within which they operate are key factors concerning the existence and functioning of any organization (Polish secret services in this case). As it was pointed out in the first part of the analysis, organizational culture is an element which can deepen the understanding of the activities and role of intelligence services in the state. Therefore, the intention of the author of this publication is to follow up to the discussion on the current shape of this culture within Poland’s secret services. This analysis adopts the sociological approach and the perspective of organizational anthropology in research on the security institutions of the People's Republic of Poland.Read More o J. Grabowska - The organization and its participants as factors shaping the organizational culture of Polish secret services
Specialized parliamentary intelligence oversight committees are one of the classic forms of intelligence oversight, yet they are frequently regarded as inadequate. Many reasons have been proposed, such as a claim that legislators neglect oversight because of lack of sustained electoral pressure or that political alignment between the executive and the legislative majority dampens the oversight zeal. We propose to develop another hypothesis – one of regulatory capture. Oversight committee members, drawn into the secret world of intelligence and dealing regularly with its concerns, adopt the perspective of the agencies they are supposed to oversee. We expect that all three conditions resulting from regulatory capture will exist in this case: first: asymmetric interest; second; information asymmetry, and third: the identification mechanism. In the present analysis, we focus on the Polish case as a proof of concept, although the method described can be applied to any country.Read More o M. Kolaszyński, D. Stolicki - Regulatory capture of intelligence oversight committee in Poland