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Analyses

M. Kania - The conflict in Ethiopia: Civil war outside the global lens
analizy

M. Kania - The conflict in Ethiopia: Civil war outside the global lens

20.12.2020
November 2020 marks the beginning of a military conflict between the Ethiopian government and the northern region of Tigray that turned into a civil war. On November 4th, Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed Ali declared publicly the launch of a military offensive following initial attacks on a federal military base in Tigray conducted by the Tigray People Liberation Front (TPLF). The lack of communication with the region resulted in scattered information on the conflict developments, raising therefore many questions about the nearly four-week-long military activities. Despite the declaration of victory by PM Abiy Ahmed Ali in late November, it remains questionable if the current advantage is final. Rooted deeply in the political and social landscape of Ethiopia, the ongoing conflict between the central government and TPLF shall be analysed from different angles, with a focus on political, economic, ethnic, and ideological dimensions.
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A. Mazurkiewicz - Paradoxes and contradictions of contemporary military engagement – the concept of ambidexterity
analizy

A. Mazurkiewicz - Paradoxes and contradictions of contemporary military engagement – the concept of ambidexterity

06.12.2020
The end of the Cold War significantly influenced the modern security environment, changing the conditions and the way of thinking about military involvement. Since the end of the 1990s, we have been observing a constantly expanding catalogue of tasks of the armed forces, including not only preparation for and conducting activities in traditional interstate conflicts, but also peacekeeping and stabilisation operations of various dynamics and intensity, participation in hybrid conflicts and suppression of rebel activity, dealing with the aftermath of natural disasters, providing humanitarian aid or activities related to counteracting the spread of a pandemic. In analysing this phenomenon, the concept of ambidexterity, understood as the ability to simultaneously perform contradictory tasks and reconcile contradictory requirements, becomes particularly useful.
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D. Kozerawski - The use of unmanned aerial vehicles by operational and territorial defense sub-units in the contemporary battlefield - possibilities and limitations
analizy

D. Kozerawski - The use of unmanned aerial vehicles by operational and territorial defense sub-units in the contemporary battlefield - possibilities and limitations

28.11.2020
The study outlines possibilities of the use of drones by operational sub-units and the territorial defence sub-units in the present battlefield. It embraces several recommendations concerning the organization and equipment of specialised drone sub-units and the procedures of the preparation of soldiers/operators. Taking into account differences in the essence of activities of operational forces and the territorial defence forces enabled an identification of possibilities and limitations of the use of drones in combat activities on the level of sub-units.
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M. Czajkowski - The United States Defense Space Strategy of 2020
analizy

M. Czajkowski - The United States Defense Space Strategy of 2020

23.11.2020
The United States has been beefing up an effort in the space-related security realm for some time now. Organizational changes have been made with more pending, and the conceptual work with regard to space activities is also quickening its pace. The notion of space becoming a “warfighting domain” is being repeated more and more often within the American security establishment. It is not, however, exactly clear what exactly does “space warfare” mean.
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J. Niemiec - The Turkish involvement in the conflict in Nagorno-Karabakh
analizy

J. Niemiec - The Turkish involvement in the conflict in Nagorno-Karabakh

10.11.2020
At the end of September 2020, heavy fights broke out in Nagorno-Karabakh between the armed forces of Armenia and Azerbaijan, thus starting a new stage in the conflict over that disputed region. The confrontation in the borderlands of the separatist Nagorno-Karabakh Republic (Artsakh) was initiated by the Azerbaijani government, possessing a significant military advantage. The position of the Republic of Turkey, which openly supported Azerbaijan and demanded that Armenia immediately end its occupation of Nagorno-Karabakh, also had a fundamental impact on the escalation of the struggle. The aggressive rhetoric of the Turks is also determined by the reserved attitude of the Russian Federation, which so far has employed only diplomatic means in an attempt to resolve the ongoing dispute.
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