The Russian invasion of Ukraine shifted temporarily the geopolitical center of Europe eastward, both in a political and security context. As a result, Central and Eastern European countries, especially those bordering Russia and/or Ukraine, gained a new voice in the debate on the shape of European security. These so-called "frontline states" have long signaled their sense of insecurity and concerns about Russia's aggressive posture, and after the outbreak of the war, they actively engaged in actions aimed at supporting Ukraine and bringing an end to the conflict.Read More o A. Mazurkiewicz - Estonia as a frontline state
The rising number of espionage cases in Poland in recent months has led to a growing chorus of politicians and opinion leaders calling for more severe legal measures. At the same time, the authorities boasted of their successes in dismantling Russian spy network, and the parliament passed a new law that is intended to strengthen the state's resilience against this threat. It is worth taking a closer look at this issue, considering its evolving scale, conditions, and the state of Polish counterintelligence.Read More o A. Nyzio - On spies, espionage and Polish counterintelligence
In May and June 2023, the Ukrainian Patriot air defence batteries fended off several assaults of Russian ballistic missiles Iskander and Kinzhal. The 100-percenteffectiveness of the American-made interceptors stunned the world, as it had been believed that modern ballistic missiles were extremely difficult to intercept by currently fielded defence systems. At a glance, it appeared that battles over Kyiv indicated a game-change, which might lead to a far-reaching reevaluation of strategies and tactics of missile defence. However, we argue that this is not the case. The Patriots did prove their worth, and Kinzhals and Iskanders did underperform, but it happened in a very specific tactical situation greatly favouring defenders. Thus, it is much too early to proclaim the overall victory of the missile defence against ballistic missiles.Read More o M. Czajkowski - Patriots vs Iskanders and Kinzhals Over Kyiv – A Game Changed?
Each year the Polish Ministry of Justice and the Public Prosecutor General, as well as telecommunication and software companies, publish information concerning surveillance in Poland in the previous year. It is worth taking a closer look at statistics on obtaining user data, and wiretapping, to evaluate and illustrate forms, scale and trends of surveillance. As always with the clandestine activities carried out by the security apparatus, the information is scarce and often vague, and each incomplete answer is usually followed by a series of further questions and doubts.Read More o A. Nyzio - Surveillance in Poland A.D. 2022
The decarbonization of the energy sector according to the Polish Energy Policy until 2040 will be implemented on the basis of several pillars. Renewable energy sources are of key importance, but also fossil fuels i.e., natural gas in the medium term. Moreover, the coal phase-out will be stabilized by nuclear energy. For this reason, there are a number of doubts as to the need to launch the hitherto nonexistent energy sector. It should be noted that although Poland has experience in this context, none of the projects have been implemented so far. The war in Ukraine and the need for energy transformation have spurred the activities of the Polish authorities in the field of energy. What is the current situation regarding the development of nuclear energy in Poland compared to neighboring countries? Will the new beginning for this sector be effective?Read More o W. Hebda - The nuclear energy sector in Poland: A new beginning?