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Błażej Sajduk, Ph.D.

Błażej Sajduk, Ph.D.


Assistant Professor at the Department of National Security of the Jagiellonian University


A graduate of political sciences at the Institute of Political Sciences and International Relations of the Jagiellonian University. In 2010, he defended his doctoral dissertation devoted to the political thought of Jan Karol Kochanowski.

Traineeships and scholarships

He lectured and did scientific internships at The University College London; The University College of Southeast Norway; Instituto Politécnico de Bragança; the Zeppelin Universität; Ivey Business School and İstanbul Gelişim Üniversitesi.

2015/2016 – postgraduate studies, E-learning: design and implementation at Tischner European University

Functions at the Jagiellonian University and in the Polish higher education system

2016–2020 – a member of the JU Senat

2010–2017 – vice-president of Tischner European University

An expert in many EU-funded projects (including ‘WeLearning’, ‘E-Government 2.0’, ‘Education with Perspective II’)

Collaborator with ‘Nowa Konfederacja’ and ‘Klub Jagielloński’

Teaching experience

Courses related to open-source information processing and analysis, including:

  • Political forecasting and simulations,
  • Data acquisition and processing,
  • Information analysis - methods and techniques,
  • Political analysis,
  • Analytical products - methods and techniques for working with information,
  • Forecasting and political analysis.

Also courses related to the subject of national security and modern technologies, including:

  • CYBERINT - intelligence activities in cyberspace,

Field of interest

The influence of modern technologies on international security (especially artificial intelligence, 5G networks and quantum Internet); practical dimension of information analysis.

Current research

The impact of modern technologies on security in the national and global dimension (Artificial Intelligence, 5G network, quantum Internet)

Theory and models of information analysis and strategic analysis

Publications (selected)

Monographs and joint publications

Sajduk B. (ed.) Jan Karol Kochanowski ‘Among the issues of our day’. A selection of writings, Center of Political Thought, 509pp., Introduction: 20 typescript pages, 2018

Sajduk B., Matyja R., Election 2014-2015 and the transformations of the political elite of the Third Republic of Poland, Kraków-Rzeszów, p. 240, 2016

Sajduk B., 2014, Humanistic approach to modern technologies, Kultura i Polityka, nr 16: editor

Sajduk B., Modern Academic Didactics. Who is Teaching Whom?, p. 215, 2014, (

Sajduk B., Sociology of the crowd, psychology of nations and historiosophy in the socio-political thought of Jan Karol Kochanowski (1869–1949), 400 pp Center of Political Thought, 2011

Sajduk B., Bernacki W. (ed.), Leszek Gembarzewski. National Monarchy. Selection of writings, 400 pp., Center of Political Thought, 2009

Scientific papers


D. Dziwisz, B. Sajduk, Poland's AI Strategy – Artificial or Intelligent? Current Challenges and Future Perspectives of AI Civil and Military Policies [w:] Routledge Companion to Artificial Intelligence and National Security Policy, S.N. Romaniuk, M. Manjikian (ed.), Routledge 2021

Sajduk B., The Role of New Technologies in US-China Power Struggle. The case of 5G [w:] Americam Foreign Policy in 21st Century, (red.) T. Pugacewicz, M. Grabowski, PeterLang 2021

Chapters in collected works

Sajduk B., Geopolitics and political science: the controversies [w:] Social Dictionaries: Geopolitics, J. Kloczkowski (ed.), Wydawnictwo Naukowe Akademii Ignatianum w Krakowie 2021: 131–151

Sajduk B., Geopolitics and technology [in:] Social Dictionaries: Geopolitics, J. Kloczkowski (ed.), Wydawnictwo Naukowe Akademii Ignatianum w Krakowie 2021: 291–311

Sajduk B., Conceptualization of the influence of technological factor on the international security : technological determinism and technology proliferation [in:] Bezpieczeństwo międzynarodowe : aspekty metodologiczne i systemowe, P. Bajor (ed.), Kraków 2020: 87-104

Sajduk B., Theoretical premises for the influence of a technological factor on geopolitical inquiries and the international system [in:] Geopolitics theories and research approaches, A. Tyszkiewicz, P. Borowiec (ed.), Kraków 2020: 223-237

Sajduk B., Ethical dimension of post-heroic and autonomous modern armed conflicts [w:] Technology, ethics and the protocols of modern war, A. Gruszczak, P. Frankowski (ed.), London New York 2018: 130-141

Sajduk B., Ethical and philosophical issues related to the development and use of Headless Autonomous Systems, [in:] Legal, social and ethical aspects of the use of unmanned autonomous systems (BSA) in the Armed Forces of the Republic of Poland, Warsaw 2016

Sajduk B., Big data and drones versus terrorists. Legal aspects and selected consequences of the use of unmanned aerial systems and large databases by the USA in activities against terrorism [in:] Contemporary faces of terrorism, A. Stempin (ed.), Kraków 2016: 72–93

Sajduk B., The American and Israeli industries of unmanned aerial systems - comparison of selected platforms [in:] The arms industry. Tendencies, perspectives, conditions, innovations, R. Kopeć (ed.), Kraków 2016: 93–118

Sajduk B., The problem of distance combat in a historical, social and ethical perspective [in:] Combat drone systems. Analysis of problems and the response of civil society, K. Kowalczewska, J. Kowalczewski (ed.), Warsaw 2015: 16–31

Sajduk B., Sejmometr [in:] E-government 2.0 in practice, A. Turczyn (red.), Kraków 2015: 161–185;

Sajduk B., The concepts of war and courage in the battlefield in the light of changes caused by the revolution in robotics [in:] Variations of modern science of politics, P. Borowiec, R. Kłosowicz, P. Ścigaj (ed.), Kraków, 2014: 267–279

Sajduk B., Conditions and Consequences of the Robotic Revolution [in:] International Issues form Wars to Robots, (ed.) E. Grodzki, S. Rehman, C. Calma, K. Colombo, Linnus Publications Inc., 2013 : 149–161

Sajduk B., The influence of the revolution in the field of robotics on the shape of the strategic culture of states. The example of the United States of America [in:] New strategies for a new century - borders and possibilities of regional and global integration, (ed.) M. Chorośnicki, J.J. Węc, A. Czubik, A. Głogowski, and others, KON Tekst, 2013: 489–501

Sajduk B., Is effective forecasting possible in the science of international relations? [in:] Research approaches and methodologies in the science of politics, (ed.) B. Krauz-Mozer, P. Ścigaj, Księgarnia Akademicka, 2013: 93–118

Sajduk B., On the possibility of anticipating the future in international relations [in:] Past – Present – Future. Research problems of young political scientists, (ed.) D. Mikucka-Wójtowicz, LIBRON, 2010: 231–243

Sajduk B., Traditional methods of foreign policy analysis [in:] Geopolitical subjectivity. Studies on Polish Foreign Policy, (ed.) K. Szczerski, National School of Public Administration, 2009: 59–86

Articles in academic journals:

Hutyra A., Sajduk B, 2022, Comparison of Polish and American strategic documents 2001–2020. Analysis of the structure, threats and attitude towards the Russian Federation, Politeja (in review)

Sajduk B., 2022, Theoretical premisses for the use of structured information analysis techniques in the process of political analysis, Politeja (accepted)


Sajduk B., 2021, Fuzzy Cognitive Maps as a Technique for Conducting Structured Systems analysis in the Area of Security Sciences, Politeja: 5(74), 275–292

Sajduk B., 2019, Theoretical Premises of the Impact of Artificial Intelligence on International Relations and Security, The Copernicus Journal of Political Studies: 2, 157-180

Sajduk B., 2016, Selected aspects of working with open sources of information: using the analysis of competing hypotheses, Kultura i Polityka: 20, 120–129

Sajduk B., 2016, A few remarks on asking questions and their role in academic teaching, Pedagogy of the University: 2 (20), 115–124

Sajduk B., 2016, Flying unmanned systems - innovation on the modern battlefield ?, Geopolitical Review vol. 17: 148-156

Sajduk B., 2008, The influence of the ideational-discursive factor on the outcome of the political process, Culture and Politics. Scientific Journals of FEZ, no. 2–3: 7–45

Sajduk B., 2007, Theoretical premises of modern political science analysis, State and Society No. 1: 17–48

Sajduk B., 2007, Main trends in political analysis, Przemyskie political science studies No. 1 (1): 7–20

Participation in scientific conferences (selected)


June 16, 2020, The development of artificial intelligence and the capabilities of the armed forces. Case study based on the USA and UK, Paper presented at the Command of the Special Forces Component, Kraków


13 November 2019, CEREBRO - how is 5G changing the world around us ?, a conference organized by the Student Government Council of the Faculty of Electrical Engineering, Automatics, Computer Science and Biomedical Engineering and the Student Government Council of the Faculty of Computer Science, Electronics and Telecommunications

18 October 2019, New Technologies in international relations, Conference organized by the Forum of Young Diplomats, topic of the paper: The role of artificial intelligence in international relations

19-20 September 2019, III Jagiellonian Conference on Security, National Scientific Conference organized by INPiSM UJ and ZBN UJ, topic of the paper: The role of the technological factor in the paradigms of international security

13 March 2019, Scientific conference: Society in the world of digital threats. Nationwide scientific conference organized by INPiSM UJ and Scientific Circle of National Security of the Jagiellonian University, Title of the paper: AI technology in the context of international relations and international security


21 - 22 IX 2017, II Jagiellonian Conference on Security, Nationwide scientific conference organized by the Department of National Security of INPiSM, Jagiellonian University, Title of the paper: Is Precise Data a challenge for democracy


18–19 November 2016, Machine Ethics and Machine Law. International conference organized by the Copernicus Center Foundation. Speech topic: Autonomous weapons systems on a post-heroic battlefield. Ethical and legal dilemmas

3–4 March 2016, Technological and social faces of the 21st century. National conference organized by the Faculty of Humanities of AGH. Subject of the speech: Robots in the military service of postmodern society

29 January 2016, 5 tons above the ground. A nationwide conference organized by the Initiative for International Criminal Law and Human Rights in Central and Eastern Europe (ICLHR) foundation. Subject of the speech: Political usefulness and effectiveness of selective elimination


12–13 December 2015, VII Congress of Polish Geopoliticians. Subject of the speech: geopolitical importance of robotic technology

19–20 June 2015, National conference on the Cycle of the Five Elements: "Time for robots". Lecture title: The labor market and the challenges of robotization.

18–20 June 2015, International conference: Interdisciplinary Approaches to Security in the Changing World. Title of the paper: The Influence of Unmanned Aerial Systems on Future Military Tactics and Strategy Conclusions for the Polish Military Forces.

22–24 September 2015, 3rd National Congress of Political Science, title of a speech at a closed panel Political analyst: Analytical skills as the future of political science


20 March 2014. Seminar on the Cycle of Five Elements - Why are unmanned systems a showpiece of Polish science and economy? Lecture title: Diplomacy and… drones. Unmanned aerial vehicles as a tool of modern politics and an indispensable element of military and non-military operations

12 February 2014, Debate of the Euro-Atlantic Association - Are we ready for the war of robots? Subject of the speech: Is there a lawyer with us?


18 December 2013. Meeting on the robotization of war. The conference was organized by the Military and Armed Conflict Section of the National Security Scientific Circle of the Jagiellonian University. Topic of the paper: What will robots change?

24–26 September 2013, the National Conference - Five Elements. Freedom - Information - Security. Subject of the speech: How robots will change the activities of the army and crisis response services. The most important challenges and prospects.

22 April 2013. Debate organized by the Political Science Club of the Jagiellonian University and the Institute of Political Sciences of the Jagiellonian University - Dehumanization of war? Analysis of the phenomenon. Topic of the speech: The impact of the use of unmanned machines on the approach to the human being.


20 April 2012, Polish National Scientific Conference - New strategies for a new century. Limits and possibilities of regional and local integration. Title of the paper: The influence of the revolution in the field of robotics on the shape of strategic culture of states.


9–10 June 2011, Language – Culture – Politics, the third international conference organized by the Higher European School of Fr. J. Tischner in Krakow. Title of the lecture: Wired or Weird reality? Consequences of Robot Warfare.


16–17 IX 2010 r., Podejścia badawcze i metodologie w nauce o polityce, konferencja naukowa zorganizowana przez Zakład Teorii Polityki i Państwa UJ oraz Instytut Nauk Politycznych i Stosunków Międzynarodowych UJ. Temat referatu: Czy w nauce o stosunkach międzynarodowych możliwe jest efektywna prognozowanie?

7 VI 2010 r., Język–Kultura–Polityka konferencja międzynarodowa zorganizowana przez Wyższą Szkołę Europejską im. ks. J. Tischnera w Krakowie. Temat referatu: Efektywne prognozowanie w stosunkach międzynarodowych – wprowadzenie.

15–16 III 2010 r., III. Krakowskie Spotkaniach Młodych Politologów, konferencja naukowa zorganizowana przez Instytut Politologii Uniwersytetu Pedagogicznego w Krakowie oraz Samorząd Doktorantów Uniwersytetu Pedagogicznego w Krakowie. Temat referatu: O możliwości antycypacji przyszłości w stosunkach międzynarodowych.=

Dissemination of scientific knowledge (selected)

Sajduk B., 2020, The impact of the COVID pandemic on the further development and implementation of 5G technology, -1fb9-4d9d-a7f7-51207d80cbf1

Sajduk B., 2020, F-35 and Polish strategic independence,

Sajduk B., 2019, The 5G Game,

Sajduk B., 2019, 5G, Kowalski in the fire of technological geopolitics,

Sajduk B., 2019, Construction of the 5G network - what is the economic and geopolitical game all about, is-the-economic-and-geopolitical-game all-about /

Sajduk B., The United States will not allow itself to be pushed back from the Pacific

Sajduk B., Hitting Huawei - End of Globalization As We Know It,

Sajduk B., 2019, The Uncle Sam's advice,

Sajduk B., 2019, A snap to Uncle Sam's nose,

Sajduk B., 2019, NATO on a road bend,

Sajduk B., 2019, Technological Thucydides Trap,

Sajduk B., 2019, Minister Czaputowicz for everyone,

Sajduk B., 2019, Inconsistent army modernization plan,

Sajduk B., 2019, Pro-American Poland versus Pro-German Poland,

Sajduk B., 201, A difficult Atlantic ally,

Sajduk B., 2018, Artificial intelligence will change the global balance of power,

Sajduk B., 2018, Artificial Intelligence - the decisive weapon, „Plus Minus”,

Sajduk B., 2018, NIK on innovations - disturbing conclusions,

Sajduk B., 2018, National innovation systems of Poland, Finland, USA and Israel, Klub Jagielloński, Kraków, 74 strony maszynopisu

Sajduk B., 2018, Much depends on the university,

Sajduk B., 2018, Gowin and the loot sharing system,

Sajduk B., 2018, The Geopolitical Gordian Knot in Syria,, 2018

Sajduk B., 2017, Turkey's wayward apprentice smashes NATO,

Sajduk B., 2017, The digital dilemma of the future, „Do rzeczy”,

Sajduk B., 2017, How Facebook and Google became tools to cheat democracy, „Plus Minus”,

Sajduk B., 2017, Integration of European armies is determined,

Sajduk B., 2017, Part-time and evening students will study longer or better?,

Sajduk B., 2017, Welcome to cyberdemocracy,

Sajduk B., 2017, North Korea - can you defuse the ticking bomb?,

Sajduk B., 2017, Who will benefit from an implementation doctorate,

Sajduk B., Conclusions for the Polish security strategy of the use of cruise missiles by the Russian armed forces: 2p.,

Sajduk B., Introduction [in:] E-government 2.0 in practice: 2p.

Sajduk B., 2015, Government for the Future We Want: 16 pp.

Sajduk B., 2014, At the gate of politics [in:] Robots in public space:36–39

Matyja R., Sajduk B., 2014, Polish political elite 2013: 40pp.,

Sajduk B., 2014, What will robots change?, Znak nr 704: 32–37

Sajduk B., 2013, Introduction to the work of a data scientist: WeLearning: 9 stron maszynopisu,

Sajduk B., 2013, The Robotics Revolution. Selected aspects of the latest revolution in the field of defense, Nowa Politologia: 10 pp.,;

Sajduk B., 2013, Big data - political and military aspects of the information technology revolution, Nowa Politologia: 12 pp.,

Sajduk B., 2013, Analytical thinking is a competence of the future, Klucz do przyszłości nr 1: 10–13

Sajduk B., 2013, The most important generation of 30-year-olds in history, Jagielloń 3 strony maszynopisu,

Sajduk B., China needs submarine raw materials? [in:] "A new energy map of the world? 10 most important issues of 2013 ", (ed.) P. Musiałek, B. Bieliszczuk, 2013: 7–9,